Tổng hợp Bài tập Viết lại câu tiếng Anh có đáp án, giải thích chi tiết

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Dạng bài tập viết lại câu sao cho nghĩa không đổi đã được bắt đầu làm quen từ năm cấp 2 (lớp 6 – 7 – 8 – 9) đến một số năm cấp 3 (lớp 10 – 11 – 12), chúng ta vẫn còn gặp dạng bài này. Cần tổng hợp kiến thức cụ thể về cấu trúc câu, những chủ điểm ngữ pháp,… để có thể làm tốt dạng bài này. Nào hãy cùng TailieuIELTS ôn luyện nhé các bạn.

I. Tầm quan trọng của Viết lại câu

Đây là một dưới một số kĩ năng đặc biệt quan trọng, bởi nhờ đó:

  • Giúp bạn tránh được một số lỗi trùng lặp từ hay đạo văn khi tham khảo một số nguồn tài liệu khác nhau, song song giúp bài viết tránh bị rời rạc, lủng củng, hay bị ngắt quãng giữa chừng bởi một số câu trích dẫn (đặc biệt là dưới trường hợp lạm dụng trích dẫn)
  • Giúp bạn tóm lược nội dung bài nói/ viết một đơn giản và dễ có cái nhìn rõ hơn (trong trường hợp bạn muốn giảng giải hay tóm tắt một số luận điểm)
  • Tận dụng việc paraphrase lại thắc mắc để có thêm thời gian suy nghĩ câu giải đáp

II. 5 Cách Viết lại câu trong tiếng Anh

1. Cách 1: Dùng từ đồng nghĩa

Từ đồng nghĩa (Synonym) một số từ cùng một dòng từ mang ý nghĩa giống nhau. Tuy nhiên, những từ có thể khác nhau về nghĩa hiển thị cho nên những từ có thể thay thế cho nhau hay chẳng hề dựa theo từng ngữ cảnh.

Ví dụ: advantages = benefits, pros, the plus points

2. Cách 2: Dùng câu chủ động và bị động

  • Trong trường hợp câu chủ đề là câu chủ động, bạn có thể dùng cấu trúc chuyển từ câu chủ động sang câu bị động và ngược lại. Đây cũng là một kĩ thuật hay dùng dưới việc viết lại câu.
  • Việc trước hết, bạn cần phân biệt được cấu trúc hai dạng câu này:

Câu chủ động: S + V/tobe 
-> Câu bị động: S + tobe + P2

Cách chuyển đổi từ câu chủ động sang câu bị động

Cách chuyển đổi từ câu chủ động sang câu bị động
Cách chuyển đổi từ câu chủ động sang câu bị động
Cách chuyển đổi từ câu chủ động sang câu bị động
Cách chuyển đổi từ câu chủ động sang câu bị động

Cách 3: Thay đổi từ loại

Biến đổi linh động giữa một số từ mẫu cũng là một cách bạn có thể dùng để viết lại câu. Trong trường hợp câu chủ đề dùng danh từ, tính từ hoặc động từ là keyword, bạn cần phải chuyển đổi từ đó sang dạng từ khác mà vẫn giữ nguyên được nội dung của câu gốc.

ưu đãi học bổng khóa học IELTS cấp tốc

VD:

It is important to reduce the unemployment rate this year. -> It is of importance to reduce the unemployment rate this year.

Để việc chuyển đổi thể mẫu từ trở cần phải mau chóng và thuận lợi hơn, bạn cần phải nắm chắc về vị trí của từ, dấu hiệu nhận biết một số dạng từ và cách chuyển một số đuôi từ.


Động từ
Tính từDanh từ
Vị trí– Đứng sau chủ ngữ
– Động từ thường sẽ đứng sau trạng từ chỉ tần suất
– Động từ tobe sẽ đứng trước trạng từ chỉ tần suất
– Đứng trước danh từ
– Sau các động từ liên kết như seem, appear, feel, look…
– Sử dụng dưới các dạng so sánh hơn, so sánh nhất, so sánh ngang hàng
– Là chủ ngữ của câu, thường đứng đầu câu và đứng sau tính từ, tính từ sở hữu
–  Sau mạo từ a, an, the hoặc this, that, these, those, each, every, both…
–  Sau giới từ: in, at, under, on, about
Dấu hiệu nhận biết Thường kết thúc bằng: -ful, -less, -ly, -al, ble, -ive, -ish, -y, -ed,-ing…Danh từ kết thúc bằng : -tion/ation, – ment, er, -or, -ant, -ing, -age, -ship, -ism, -ity, -ness
Ví dụThe government should impose stricter laws on human traffickingmeaningful, careless, historical, stable, childish, daily…Daily exercises can boost the quality of life.Nowadays, religion is still considered as a sensitive issue.situation, information, entertainment, receptionist, socialism…Entertainment plays a crucial role in helping people chill out.Happiness comes from an inner mind.

4. Cách 4: Dùng chủ ngữ giả

Sử dụng chủ ngữ giả cũng là một kĩ thuật không quá hạn chế dưới việc viết lại câu. Bằng việc dùng chủ ngữ It, bạn sẽ tách 1 câu gốc ra làm 2 vế để nhấn mạnh hơn về chủ ngữ.

Chủ ngữ giả “It”

 Dùng chủ ngữ giả
Dùng chủ ngữ giả

(Adj* bao gồm những từ như: important, necessary, urgent, imperative…)

 Dùng chủ ngữ giả
Dùng chủ ngữ giả

Chủ ngữ giả “There”

There được dùng làm chủ ngữ giả với “There is” hoặc “There are”

 Dùng chủ ngữ giả
Dùng chủ ngữ giả

Ví dụ:

  • There are several actions that governments could take to solve the given problems.
  • There are many reasons why more and more people are learning English.
  • Phân biệt cách dùng chủ ngữ giả “It” và chủ ngữ giả “There” 

Phân biệt cách dùng chủ ngữ giả “It” và chủ ngữ giả “There”

Chủ ngữ giả “It”Chủ ngữ giả “There”
Bày tỏ quan điểm, bình luậnThể hiện sự còn đó của sự vật/sự việc/con người 
Có thể theo sau bởi danh từ, tính từ…Có thể theo sau bởi danh từ và cụm danh từ

5. Cách 5: Thay đổi trật tự từ

Đây là bí quyết an toàn giúp bạn giảm thiểu sai lầm có thể gặp phải dưới việc chọn lựa từ và giúp bạn tiết kiệm thời gian suy nghĩ.

Ngoài ra, bạn cần phải phối hợp thêm từ đồng nghĩa nhằm tăng tính đa dạng cho câu viết. 
Câu thể hiện mối quan hệ lý do – kết quả

Ví dụ:

 Due to the heavy workload, many full-time workers cannot balance their life. -> Many full-time workers cannot balance their life because of the heavy workload.

Câu thể hiện mối quan hệ tương phản đối lập ảnh

Ví dụ: 

Many youngsters make friends online but others have a tendency to mix with their peers in the real world. -> Although many youngsters make friends online, others have a tendency to mix with their peers in the real world.

Bài tập Viết lại câu

1. “Why don’t you put better lock on the door, Barbara”? said John

=> John suggested……………………………………………………………………………………..

2. Although his both legs were broken in the crash, he managed to get out of the car before it exploded.

=> Despite his…………………………………………………………………………………………..

3. I haven’t eaten this kind of food before.

=> This is the first………………………………………………………………………………..

4. The architect has drawn plans for an extension to the house.

=> Plans…………………………………………………………………………………………………

5. It isn’t necessary for you to finish by Saturday

=> You………………………………………………………………………………………

6. “How many survivors are there?”, asked the journalist.

=> The journalist wanted to know………………………………………………………………

7. It was such rotten meat that it had to be thrown away.

=> The meat was………………………………………………………..

8. It is essential that Professor Van Helsing is met at the airport.

=> Professor Van Helsing……………………………………………………………………..

9. You can’t visit the USA unless you have a visa.

=> If you………………………………………………………..

10. “Can I borrow your typewriter, Janet”? asked Peter.

=> Peter asked if……………………………………………………………..

11. She started working as a secretary five years ago.

=> She has……………………………………………………………………

12. She knows a lot more about it than I do.

=> I don’t know…………………………………………………………………….

13. My French friend finds driving on the left difficult.

=> My French friend isn’t………………………………………………………………….

14. They think the owner of the house is abroad.

=> The owner………………………………………………………………………….

15. We didn’t go on holiday because we did not have enough money.

=> If we…………………………………………………………………………………….

16. The children couldn’t go swimming because the sea was rough.

=> The sea was too……………………………………………………………………….

17. The mechanic serviced my car last week.

=> I………………………………………………………………………………..

18. I’m always nervous when I travel by air.

=> Traveling…………………………………………………………………………………………..

19. He couldn’t afford to buy the car.

=> The car……………………………………………………………………………………………..

20. “Why don’t you put your luggage under the seat?”he asked.

=> He suggested………………………………..

21. Although he had a good salary, he was unhappy in his job.

=> In spite of………………………………………………………………………………..

22. I’m sorry I missed your birthday party.

=> I wish…………………….

23. They haven’t cleaned the streets this week.

=> The streets…………….

24. Apples are usually cheaper than oranges.

=> Apple are not……………….

25. I advice you to put your money in the bank.

=> You’d……………………

26. That restaurant is so dirty that no one wants to eat there.

=> It is such…………………………………..

27. I’ll pick the children up if you like.

=> Would you……………………………….

28. He objected to the fact that his secretary came to work late.

=> He was annoyed………………………….

29. Tom is the most industrious pupil.

=> No other pupil……………..

30. She isn’t accustomed to life in London

=> She’s not used to…………………..

31. “Don’t forget to phone the office,”she told him.

=> She reminded……………….

32. I’m afraid I haven’t got time to listen to you.

=> I wish…………………….

33. The police has just released John.

=> John…………………………………………………………………………………………….

34. I couldn’t hear them because they were speaking too softly.

=> They were speaking………

35. We spent 5 hours getting to London.

=> It took……..

36. I get to work in 20 minutes.

=> It ………………

37. It is necessary that this work be finished by Monday.

=> This work……..

38. It’s a pity I didn’t take my doctor’s advice.

=> I wish……………

39. The bread is so tale we can’t eat it.

=> The bread isn’t……….

40. Who does this bag belong to?

=> Whose……..

41. My boyfriend is very short-tempered.

=> My boyfriend loses……….

42. You can use it as long as you like, and it won’t wear out.

=> No matter…….. ………………………………………………………………………………..

43. If the work is finished by lunchtime you can go home.

=> Get………………………………………………………………………………………..

44. How have you been getting on with your enquiries?

=> How much…………

45. I gave Ted the massage, but he already knew about it.

=> I needn’t………

46. The trains couldn’t run because of the snow.

=> The snow………………………………………………………………

47. I didn’t arrived in time to see him.

=> I wasn’t early………………………………………………………….

48. I’m sorry I was rude to you yesterday.

=> I apologize……………………………………………………………..

49. She didn’t hurry, so she missed the train.

=> If……………………………………………………………………….

50. Barbara is the best tennis-player in the club.

=> No one…………………………………………………………………

51. I haven’t seen that man here before.

=> It’s……………………………………………………………………..

52. The furniture was so expensive that I didn’t buy it.

=> The furniture was too………………………………………………….

53. The robbers made the bank manager hand over on the money.

=> The bank manager……………………………………………………..

54. Tom learned to drive when he was nineteen.

=> Tom has………………………………………………………………..

55. She had never been so unhappy before.

=> She was unhappier……………………………………………………..

56. It was so late that nothing could be done.

=> It was too………………………………………………………………

57. He left school and then joined the army.

=> After …………………………………………………………………

58. The leak was repaired by the plumber this morning.

=> The plumber …………………………………………………………..

59.This flower is very beautiful!

=> How …………………………………………………………………!

60. Somebody stole his watch yesterday.

=> His watch ………………………………………………………………

61. The last time she had a swim was five years ago.

=> She hasn’t ………………………………………………………………

62. I asked the hotel porter to wake me at 8 o’clock the following morning.

=> “Please…………………………………………………………………

63. They’ll have to change the date of the meeting again.

The date……………………………………………………………….

64. The garage is going to repair the car for us next week.

We are going ………………………………………………………….

65. The bus take s longer than the train.

The train……………………………………………………………….

66. John has not had his hair cut for over six months.

It is……………………………………………………………………..

67. Maria says she’d like to have been put in a higher class.

Maria wishes…………………………………………………………..

68. Would you like me to finish the work tonight?

I’ll………………………………………………………………………

69. You may get hungry on the train, so take some sandwiches.

In……………………………………………………………………….

70. My husband didn’t leave the car keys, so I couldn’t pick him up at the station.

If my husband…………………………………………………………..

71. “I don’t think John will come”, said Bill

Bill doubted……………………………………………………………..

72. The postman was bitten by our dog.

Our dog………………………………………………………………….

73. We couldn’t drive because of the fog.

The fog prevented……………………………………………………….

74. Although his leg was broken he managed to get out of the car.

In spite…………………………………………………………………..

75. The cake was so hard so I couldn’t cat it.

It was…………………………………………………………………….

76. We didn’t go because it rained.

If it hadn’t………………………………………………………………..

77. I can’t cook as well as my mother does.

My mother…………………………………………………………………

78. I don’t suppose you have change for a pound, do you?

Do you happen……………………………………………………………

79. He failed to win the race.

He didn’t………………………………………………………………….

80. Mary rang hours and hour ago.

It’s hours………………………………………………………………….

81. I’m sorry that I didn’t finish my homework last night.

I wish……………………………………………………………………..

82. She asked Michael how she liked her new dress.

“How……………………………………………………………………..

83. A train leaves at 8 o’clock every morning.

There is…………………………………………………………………..

84. Nobody can deny that she has a beautiful voice.

It…………………………………………………………………………

85. I would like you t help me to put the chairs away.

Do you mind…………………………………………………………….

86. The child will die if nobody sends for a doctor.

Unless……………………………………………………………………

87. He would prefer you to pay him immediately.

He’d rather………………………………………………………………

88. The water was so cold that the children couldn’t swim in it.

The water was not………………………………………………………………………….

89. Somebody repaired her car yesterday.

She………………………………………………………………………………………………

90. You must see the manager tomorrow morning.

You’ve………………………………………………………………………………………….

91. There was never any answers when we rang.

=> Every……………………………………………………………………………………………

92. That’s an insulting name to use for him.

=> Don’t call……………………………………………………………………………………..

93. John asked if it was the blue one or the green she wanted.

=> Which…………………………………………………………………………………………..

94. She liked Paris very little, and Rome less.

=> She thought Rome………………………………………………………………………….

95. I can meet you if you arrive before eleven.

=> So………………………………………………………………………………………………..

96. They will catch all the prisoners again by tonight.

=> All the prisoners…………………………………………………………………………….

97. I’ve warned you not go to near that dog.

=> I’ve warned you about……………………………………………………………………

98. No, please don’t tell him.

=> I’d rather……………………………………………………………………………………….

99. Why don’t asked her yourself?

=> I suggest……………………………………………………………………………………….

100. The last time I went to Ho Chi Minh City was ten years ago.

=> It ……………………………………………………….

101. Although he was very tired, he tried to help me with my homework.

=> Tired as …………………………………………………

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Đáp án Viết lại câu

  1. John suggested that Barry should put a better lock on the door.
  2. Despite his both broken legs, he managed to………………. .
  3. .This is time I have eaten this kind of food.
  4. Plans for an extension to the house have been drawn by the architect./ Plans have been drawn for an extension by the architect.
  5. You don’t have to finish by Saturday.
  6. The journalist wanted to know how many survivors there were./ The number of the survivors there were.
  7. The meat was so rotten that it had to be thrown away.
  8. …….must be met at the airport.
  9. ..don’t have a visa you can’t …………
  10. ……..if he could borrow Janet’s typewriter.
  11. ….been working as a ……..for 5 years.
  12. ………..so much about it as she does.
  13. …………….used to driving on the left.
  14. …………of the house is thought to be abroad.
  15. If we had enough money we would have gone on holiday.
  16. ……..was too rough for the children to …………….
  17. I got/ had my car serviced by the mechanic last week./ I got the mechanic to service my car last week./ I had the mechanic service my car last week.
  18. ………by air always makes me ……..
  19. ……..was too expensive for him to buy
  20. …….that I (should) put my ……………
  21. In spite of having/ his/ earning a good salary, he was unhappy in his job.
  22. I wish I had gone to your birthday party./ I hadn’t missed your birthday party.
  23. ………….haven’t been cleaned this week
  24. ………usually as expensive as ……….
  25. .You’d better put your money in the bank
  26. …………..a dirty restaurant that no one wants to eat there.
  27. Would you like me to pick the children up?/ mind if I pick up the children?
  28. He was annoyed at/ about his secretary coming late to work./ because his secretary came to work late.
  29. ……………….pupil is as industrious as Tom.
  30. She’s not used to living/ life in London.
  31. She reminded him to phone the office.
  32. I wish I had (got) time to listen to you.
  33. John has just been released by the police.
  34. They were speaking too softly for me to hear ./ so softly that I couldn’t hear them.
  35. It took us 5 hours to get to London.
  36. It takes me 20 minutes to get to work.
  37. This work must be finished by Monday.
  38. I wish I had taken my doctor’s advice.
  39. The bread isn’t fresh enough to eat.
  40. Whose bag is this?/ is this bag?
  41. ………………..his temper very easily
  42. …….how long you use it , it won’t wear out
  43. Get the work finished by lunchtime and you can go home
  44. ………….progress have you made with your enquiries?
  45. I needn’t have given Ted the massage, because he already knew about it.
  46. The sow prevented the trains from running.
  47. I wasn’t early enough to see him.
  48. I apologize for being rude to you yesterday.
  49. If she had hurried, she would have caught the train
  50. No one in the club is better at tennis than B.
  51. It’s the first time I have seen that man.
  52. The furniture was too expensive for me to buy.
  53. The bank manager was made to hand over the money.
  54. Tom has been able to drive since he was nineteen.
  55. She was unhappier than she had ever before.
  56. …late to do anything.
  57. After leaving/ having left the school, he joined the army.
  58. The plumber repaired the leak this morning.
  59. How beautiful this flower is!
  60. Somebody stole his watch yesterday.
  61. She hasn’t had a swim for 5 years.
  62. “please wake me at 8 tomorrow morning”, I said to ……….
  63. … of the meeting will have to be changed.
  64. ……. to have the car repaired.
  65. ….. doesn’t take as long as the bus.
  66. It is over 6 m. since J had his hair cut.
  67. Maria wishes she had been put in a higher class.
  68. I’ll finish the work tonight if you like.
  69. In case get hungry on the train you’d better take …..
  70. ……has left the car keys, we could have picked him up at ……
  71. …… if John would come.
  72. ………..bit the postman.
  73. ……………us from driving.
  74. …….of having a broken leg, he manged to get out of the car.
  75. ……….such a hard cake that i couldn’t eat it.
  76. …….rained we would have gone.
  77. ………cooks better than me.
  78. ………..to have change for a pound?
  79. ………. win the race.
  80. ……….since Mary rang.
  81. …….I had finished my homework last night.
  82. “How do you like my dress, M?”she asked.
  83. …..a train that leaves at 8………
  84. It can’t be denied that she has a beautiful voice.
  85. ………helping me to put the chair away.
  86. ……somebody sends for a doctor, the child will die.
  87. ………you paid him immediately.
  88. ……….warm enough for the children to swim in.
  89. She had someone repair her car.
  90. You’ve got to see the …………….
  91. Every time we rang there wasn’t any answer.
  92. Don’t call him that insulting name.
  93. “Which one do you want, the blue or the green”, John asked.
  94. She thought Rome was even worse than Paris.
  95. So long as you arrive before 11, I can meet you.
  96. …..prisoners will be caught again by tonight.
  97. I’ve warned you about your going near the dog.
  98. ……………..you didn’t tell him.
  99. …………..you ask her yourself.
  100. It is/ has been ten years since I last went to HCM city.

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